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Porcine Animals

1.Council Directive 2004/68/EC harmonises the rules and establishes the general animal health conditions for the import into the territory of the EU of porcine animals.

2. This Directive describes the animal health principles on which importation is based, and the requirements to be fulfilled by a non-EU country to be authorised to export ovine and caprine animals in particular in relation to:

  • The health status of livestock, of other domestic animals and wildlife
  • The legislation of the non-EU country                                      
  • The country's rules on the prevention and control of animal diseases
  • The organisation, structure, competence and power of the veterinary services
  • Membership of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
  • The regularity and rapidity of information on infectious animal diseases provided by the non-EU country to the Commission and the OIE

3. More specific conditions are laid down in this directive in relation to certain infectious diseases.

1. The list of non-EU countries, territories or parts thereof authorised for the export of porcine animals are laid down in Commission Regulation (EU) No 206/2010.

2. Consignments of porcine animals must be accompanied by the appropriate veterinary certificate drawn up in accordance with the relevant model heath certificate (See Veterinary Certification below).

3. As well as complying with all the requirements set out in the veterinary certificate, this may also include additional requirements to minimise potential disease risks, including:

a. Supplementary guarantees

b. Specific requirements based on the animal and public health status in a listed Third country

4. When additional requirements are necessary, the official veterinarian in the exporting non-EU country must ensure that the relevant sections are completed in the veterinary health certificate.

5. Consignments of ungulates which contain live animals from more than one holding shall only be introduced into the Union if they are assembled in assembly centres approved by the competent authority of the third country, territory or part thereof of origin of the animals in accordance with the requirements set out in Part 5 of Annex I of Commission Regulation (EU) No 206/2010.

6. During the period after loading in the third country of origin and before arrival at the border inspection post of introduction into the Union, consignments of live animals shall not be:

 a. transported together with live animals that:

i. are not intended for introduction into the Union


 ii. are of a lower health status

b. unloaded in, or when transported by air, moved to another aircraft, or transported by road, by rail, or moved on foot through a third country, territory or part thereof which is not authorised for imports of the animals concerned into the Union.

7. Consignments of live animals shall only be introduced into the Union where the consignment arrives at the border inspection post of introduction into the Union within 10 days of the date of issue of the appropriate veterinary certificate.

8. In the case of transport by sea, that period of 10 days shall be extended by an additional period corresponding to the duration of the journey by sea, as certified by a signed declaration of the master of the ship, drawn up in accordance with Part 3 of Annex I of Commission Regulation (EU) No 206/2010 and attached in its original form to the veterinary certificate.

9. Where consignments of live animals are transported by air, the crate or container in which they are transported and the surrounding area shall be sprayed with an appropriate insecticide.

a. The spraying shall be carried out immediately prior to the closing of the aircraft doors after loading, and after any subsequent opening of the doors in a third country, until the aircraft reaches its final destination.

b. The captain of the aircraft shall certify that the spraying has been carried out by signing a declaration, drawn up in accordance with Part 4 of Annex I of Commission Regulation (EU) No 206/2010 and attached in its original form to the veterinary certificate.

10. Following their introduction into the Union, consignments of ungulates, shall be conveyed in a vector-protected means of transport without delay to the holding of destination.

11. Those ungulates shall remain on that holding for a period of at least 30 days, unless they are dispatched directly to a slaughterhouse.

12. Following their introduction into the Union, consignments of ungulates intended for immediate slaughter shall be conveyed without delay to the slaughterhouse of destination where they shall be slaughtered within five working days from the date of arrival at the slaughterhouse.

1. The relevant certificates for ovine and caprine animals are laid down in Part 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No. 206/2010.

2. Model certificate POR-X for animals for breeding and production, and model certificate POR-Y for animals for immediate slaughter. These certificates contain a number of  attestations including:

a. A public health attestation to guarantee that the non-EU country complies with certain public health requirements including that the animals are from holdings that are free from certain zoonotic diseases (brucellosis, anthrax and rabies), have not received certain pharmaceutical treatments or hormones and conform to certain requirements in relation to BSE.

b. An animal health attestation to guarantee that the animals, and/or the herd of origin are free from certain diseases, that the animals are healthy and that their underlying health status does not to present a risk to Union livestock, and that the animals have been inspected prior to movement. If appropriate, conformity to additional supplementary guarantees should be indicated if required.

c. An animal transport attestation to certify that the welfare standards laid down in Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 have been complied with and the animals are fit for transport.

Health Certificate - Model POR-X (pdf 42Kb)  

Health Certificate - Model POR-Y (pdf 40Kb)  

3. An official veterinarian in the authorised Third country must sign the certificate to attest that all the relevant conditions in the certificate have been met.

4. The certificate must accompany the consignment en-route to the EU and be presented with the animals when they are presented for entry into the EU at an approved EU Border Control Post (BCP).

  1. Live animals entering the Union must be inspected at an EU-approved Border Control Post (BCP) where Member States' official veterinarians ensure they fulfil all the requirements provided for in the EU legislation.
  2. The person responsible for the load being imported (the importer or a customs agent acting on their behalf) must give the BCP at the intended point of entry advance notification of the arrival of the consignment.
  3. There is a required minimum pre-notification notice period of at least 24 hours’ notice in advance of the consignment’s arrival.
  4. Failure to submit correct documentation within this timeline may result in significant delays in the consignment being processed through the Border Control Post.
  5. Pre-notification is given by the submission of Part 1 of the Common Health Entry Document (CHED-A), as is laid down in Commission Implementing Regulation (EC) No. 2019/1715 through the online TRACES NT system.
  6. Copies of other supporting documentation associated with the consignment such as the Health Certificate should be submitted at this time as well.
  7. The CHED provides a standardised format for documentation relating to declaration and checks for live animals arriving into the Union so that data on imported consignments can be properly managed and processed within TRACES NT, the EU's integrated veterinary traceability system.


1. All live animals from third countries require veterinary checks at their point of entry into the European Union, as listed in Annex I to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2007.

2. EU harmonised import controls are carried out at an approved Border Control Post (BIP) that is designated to deal with that species of animal. The consignment may only enter Ireland through an approved Border Control Post (BCP) designated for that species.

3. There are three different types of designation:

a. ‘E’ for equine animals,

b. ‘U’ for ungulate animals

c. ‘O’ for other animals

4. The following locations in Ireland have approved Border Control Posts in operation for live animals:

a. Dublin Port – Designation for Equine (E) animals, Ungulates (U) animals (excluding bovine, ovine, caprine or porcine species) and Other (O) live animals

b. Rosslare Port – Designation for Equine (E) animals, Ungulates (U) and  Other (O) live animals

c. Dublin Airport: - Equine (E) animals only

d. Shannon Airport - Equine (E) animals only

5. Providing all the documentation has been submitted correctly and within the correct timeframes, a large proportion of the documentary check can be commenced in advance of the consignment’s arrival. This includes examination of the veterinary certificate and other documents accompanying a consignment

a. The original hard copy of the health certificate must travel with the consignment, and will be checked and held at the BCP at the point of entry into the EU

6.Provided all is in order with the documentary check, the consignment of live animals will then be subject to an identity check and physical check with/without sampling as appropriate at the BCP.

7.Upon satisfactory completion of the required checks, the decision is entered in Part 2 of the CHED which must accompany the consignment to the first place of destination referred to in the CHED. The consignment of live animals may then circulate freely within the EU.

8.If the consignment does not meet the import requirements, the consignment may be rejected entry and re-exported or in exceptional circumstances, humanely destroyed if necessary.