PDO/PGI/TSG - Protected Food Names
A European system for the protection of the geographical names of certain foodstuffs (which have a tangible link to the geographical area after which they are named) was established by Council Regulation 1151/2012. Protection under the system is absolute and extends to translations of the name, evocation, misuse or imitation. Regulation 1151/2012, and related Regulations 664/2012 and 668/2012, were given effect in Ireland by the European Union (Quality Schemes for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs Regulations) 2015 [ S.I. No. 296 of 2015] .
These update the EU schemes in place since 2002, which identify and protect the names of quality agricultural products and foods as
- PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) for products with a strong link to the defined geographical area where they are produced
- PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) for agricultural products and foods linked to a geographical area where at least one production step has taken place.
- Traditional Specialities Guaranteed (TSG) emphasise traditional composition and mode of production of products (proven usage on the domestic market for at least 25 years).
The scope of the schemes is strictly limited to agricultural products and foodstuffs where a link exists between the characteristics of a product or foodstuff and the defined geographical area. This can be the name of the region, a specific place or in exceptional circumstances, a country used to describe an agricultural product or foodstuff. E.g. Imokilly Regato
Traditional geographical or non-geographical names designating an agricultural product or a foodstuff can also be considered. E.g. Feta
Groups or persons interested in applying for PDO/PGI/TSG product classification or in participating in existing schemes should contact the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine as the competent authority ( GeographicalIndications@agriculture.gov.ie ) .
Under S.I. No. 296 of 2015 the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) and the Health Service Executive (HSE) are the inspection bodies for this EU quality scheme.