Clean Livestock Policy
The Hygiene Package, which came into force in all European Union Member States on 1 January 2006, provides the following in relation to cleanliness of livestock being presented for slaughter:
Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004
Food business operators rearing animals or producing primary products of animal origin are to take adequate measures, as appropriate and as far as possible to ensure the cleanliness of animals going to slaughter and, where necessary, production animals.
Regulation (EC) No. 853/2004
Food business operators operating slaughterhouses must have HACCP-based intake procedures to guarantee that each animal or, where appropriate, each lot of animals accepted onto the slaughterhouse premises is clean. In the event of failure to comply with any of the requirements the food business operator must notify the official veterinarian and take appropriate measures.
Regulation (EC) No. 854/2002
The official veterinarian is to verify compliance with the food business operators’ duty under Regulation (EC) No 853/2004; to ensure that animals that have such hide conditions that there is an unacceptable risk of contamination of the meat during slaughter are not slaughtered for human consumption unless they are cleaned beforehand.
Clean Livestock Policy for Bovines
DAFM has operated a formal Clean Livestock Policy (CLP), focusing on bovines going to slaughter, since 1998. This policy is underpinned by EU and national regulatory requirements.
FoodWise 2025, which sets out the strategic direction for the agri-food area over the next decade, identifies the need to develop a uniform approach to the supply of clean cattle, supported by research in this area.
An effective CLP is very important not just in terms of basic food safety but also as a reputational issue for Ireland’s meat industry and to safeguard our ongoing major export trade in meat and hides.
The Department applies a 3-category system, requiring food business operators at slaughtering establishments to categorise cattle as follows:
- A – Satisfactory – Cattle that can be slaughtered, without an unacceptable risk of contaminating the meat during the slaughter process, by using the standard hygienic dressing procedures routinely employed by the plant;
- B – Acceptable – Cattle that can only be slaughtered, without an unacceptable risk of contamination of the meat during the slaughter process, by putting in place extra defined hygienic dressing controls;
- C – Unacceptable – Cattle unfit for slaughter because of hide condition. These cattle must not be presented for ante mortem in this condition and it is the responsibility of the FBO to take the required remedial action.
The Department has publicised the requirements for primary producers to ensure that animals being sent for slaughter are clean, and provides guidance in that regard. Actions have also included publication of articles in the farming press, production of leaflets (in tandem with Teagasc and FSAI) and mailshots to producers who have repeatedly supplied animals that were categorised as less than compliant.
Clean Livestock Policy for Sheep
Based on recent evaluation by DAFM of sheep carcase hygiene in slaughter plants, it is clear that there is also a need to significantly improve performance in relation to the cleanliness of incoming sheep, to ensure the continuation and expansion of this valuable trade.
The Department has accordingly developed a clean livestock policy for sheep, in consultation with stakeholders, with a view to making a sustained progress on a collaborative basis. The policy document, finalised in February 2017, can be accessed by clicking on the following link: Clean Livestock Policy - Sheep (pdf 378Kb)