Requirements of Manufacturers, Distributors and Feeders in terms of good practice are contained in Regulation (EC) No No 183/2005 (pdf 190Kb) This legislation outlines general rules for Feed Hygiene, conditions and arrangements ensuring good practice and traceability and conditions and arrangements for registration and approval of establishments. This regulation is of relevance to importers, hauliers and storers of feedingstuffs; manufacturers of additives, premixtures and compound feeds; intermediaries engaged in trade in additives, premixtures, mineral mixtures and nutritional supplements; primary producers of feed materials and the feeding of animals. For the purposes of the Regulation these are collectively known as 'Feed Business Operators' or FBO's.
Feed Business Operators must be approved in order to manufacture or place on the market:-
- feed additives,
- premixtures or mineral mixtures containing certain sensitive additives (e.g. coccidiostats, vitamins A or D, or copper or selenium) or
- compound feeds containing antibiotics or coccidiostats.
The Regulation allows Member States to decide to require approval of certain FBO's on a national basis. In Ireland such approval is required of intermediaries of all mineral mixtures and manufacturers of compound feedingstuffs.
To obtain approval, an establishment must submit an application in the prescribed form to the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and pay the designated fee to cover inspection.
All other establishments involved at any stage in feed production, must register with the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. In general the requirements applicable to approval are more stringent than for registration.
This Regulation puts an obligation on Feed Business Operators (FBO's) to ensure that all stages of production under their control are carried out in accordance with EU and National legislation. It also states that when primary producers are feeding food producing animals, they shall take measures to keep the risk of biological, chemical and physical contamination as low as is reasonably achievable.
For FBO's other than primary producers, the Regulation outlines that they must put in place, implement and maintain a permanent written procedure based on HACCP principles.
The feed hygiene legislation is given effect in national legislation by the European Communities (Food and Feed Hygiene) Regulations, 2009 (S.I. 432 of 2009)
Approval or registration may be withdrawn where an establishment fails to comply with the minimum conditions laid down. In order to ensure traceability, FBO's are required to provide their approval or registration number on the label of all products manufactured, and Member States are required to publish a list of approved and registered establishments each year.